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2019年成考专升本英语考试模拟试题及答案一

来源:未知 编辑:admin 时间:2019-05-08
一、语音知识(5points)
第1题请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项()。
A.practiceB.possibleC.physicalD.pacific
答案:B
第2题请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项()。
A.arm
B.party
C.warm
D.farther
答案:C
第3题请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项()。
A.energyB.engineerC.encourageD.entrance
答案:C
第4题请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项()。
A.great
B.league
C.peace
D.neat
答案:A
第5题请选择出划线部分读音不同的选项()。
A.theoryB.throghC.birthD.there
答案:D
二、词汇与语法知识(15points)
第6题Shekeptacloseeye__________thesickchildanddidn’tsleepthewholenight.
A.atB.inC.forD.on
答案:D
第7题TheeffectofTV__________thelifeofaveragepeopleisincalculable.
A.inB.forC.aboutD.on
答案:D
第8题Jimisthemostintelligent,of__________
A.fourUSB.USfourC.thefourUSD.USoffour
答案:B
第9题Ilikeallkindsoffruit,butmy__________isbanana.
A.favoriteB.favoredC.favorableD.preferred
答案:A
第10题WewereoverjoyedatthenewsofChina__________anotherman-madesatel1ite.
A.startingB.1aunchingC.fightingD.shouting
答案:B
第11题Theheadmasterwantedtheclassroombuilding__________assoonaspossible.
A.tosetupB.tohavebeensetupC.tobesetupD.beingsetup
答案:C
第12题__________theywhodidthethoroughcleaningtotheclassroomyesterday.
A.ThesewereB.ThatwasC.ItwasD.Thosewere
答案:C
第13题HOWmanytimesdidtheclock__________?
A.hitB.knockC.beatD.strike
答案:D
第14题ThelargestmeteoriteondisplayisintheAmericanmuseuminNewYorkcityover__________34tons.
答案:A
第15题Hetriedto__________hisinvolvementinthisrobbery,buthefinallyconfessed.
A.declineB.rejectC.refuseD.deny
答案:D
第16题Mikewantedtogotherebyplanebuthedidnothaveenoughmoneytopayforthe__________
A.travelB.voyageC.jourenyD.fly
答案:C
第17题Therewasplentyoftime.You______.
A.mustn′thavehurriedB.needn′thurry
C.mustnothurryD.needn′thavehurried
答案:D
第18题Whichismoreimportant,the__________appearanceofabookoritscontent?
A.artificialB.surfaceC.physicalD.substance
答案:C
第19题Thisyearthefactory________almosttwiceasmanymotorsasitdidlastyear.
A.turneddownB.turnedoffC.turnedoutD.turnedover
答案:C
第20题Thegoodserviceoftherestaurantthepoorfoodtosomeextent.
A.madeforB.madeoutC.madeupforD.madeuseof
答案:C
三、Cloze(30points)
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
Youhavestudiedhard,andthedayhas21__________comewhenyoumustwriteyourexam.Trytoarriveafewminutesbeforethe22__________starts.Avoidtalkingtootherstudents,especiallythose23__________aredoingsomelastminutecramming.Thesepeoplewillmakeyounervousand24__________yourconcentration.
Ifyoucan,chooseaseatthatallowsyouto25__________Trytositawayfromthe26__________totheroomsoyouarenot27__________bystudentsleavingbeforeyouarefinished.Listen28__________toanyverbalinstructionsfromtheteacherorany29__________writtenonthebeard.
Herearefive30__________fortakingexams:
1.Catchyour31__________;
2.Readthe32__________verycarefully;
3.33__________throughthetest;
4.34__________yourtime;
5.Attackthe35__________.
第21题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.FortunatelyB.lastlyC.latelyD.finally
答案:D
第22题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.classB.examC.issueD.final
答案:B
第23题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.whichB.examineesC.studentsD.who
答案:D
第24题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.destroyB.hurtC.disturbD.distress
答案:C
第25题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.reduceB.listenC.bequietD.Concentrate
答案:D
第26题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.exitB.windowC.gateD.seat
答案:A
第27题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.upsetB.botheredC.excitedD.Annoyed
答案:B
第28题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.stillB.silentlyC.carefullyD.Instantly
答案:C
第29题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.messagesB.letterC.informationD.Words
答案:A
第30题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.tipsB.stepsC.followingD.Figures
答案:B
第31题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.attentionB.breathC.focusD.Spirit
答案:B
第32题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.testB.questionsC.directionsD.Words
答案:C
第33题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.LookB.ListenC.SkimD.Read
答案:C
第34题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.BudgetB.ThinkC.CountD.Number
答案:A
第35题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.studentsB.concentrationC.problemsD.Questions
答案:D
四、阅读理解
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
PassageOne
KeyJames,SecretaryofHealthandHumanResourcesintheVirginiaStategovernment,lovestoturnthetablesonthosewhodon'tthinkit'spossibletobemiddle-class,conservative,educatedandstillbetrulyblack.Once,duringanAbortiondebate,awomanintheaudienceangrilytoldJamesshewassomiddle-classshedidn'thaveaclueaboutrealAfricanAmericanlife."Ifyouunderstoodwhatthesewomengothrough,"thewomansaid,"youwouldrealizethatabortionistheironlychoice."
Jamesthenaskedthewomantoconsiderapoorblackmotheronwelfare.Shealreadyhasfourchildrenandanalcoholichusbandwhohasallbutabandonedthefamily.Nowshediscoversanotherchildisontheway.Howwouldyoucounselthatwoman,askedJames.
"Haveanabortion,"thewomanresponded."Thatchildwouldhaveaverypoorqualityoflife."
"Ihaveavestedinterestinyouranswer,"Jamessaid."ThewomanIdescribedwasmymother.Iwasthefifthofsixchildrenbornintopoverty.And,incaseyou'reinterested,thequalityofmylifeisjustfine!"
第36题"Tomovethetables"means__________.
A.tomovethetablesB.tocarrythetablesaway
C.togaincourageD.togainanadvantageafterhavingbeenatadisadvantage
答案:D
第37题James'father__________.
A.divorcedhiswifeB.likedtodrinkC.desertedhisfamilyD.BandC
答案:D
第38题James'mother__________.
A.waseducatedB.wasconservativeC.waspoorD.AandB
答案:C
第39题James'familyleda__________lifewhenshewasborn.
A.miserableB.happyC.well-offD.hardly
答案:A
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
PassageTwo
WhenIwasabout12Ihadanenemy,agirlwholikedtopointoutmyshortcomings.Weekbyweekherlistgrew:Iwasskinny,Iwasn'tagoodstudent,Iwasboyish,Italkedtooloud,andsoon.IputupwithheraslongasIcould.Atlast,withgreatanger,Irantomyfatherintears.
Helistenedtomyoutburstquietly.Thenheasked,"Arethethingsshesaystrueornot?"
True?Iwantedtoknowhowtostrikeback.Whatdidtruthhavetodowithit?
"Mary,didn'tyoueverwonderwhatyouarereallylike?Well,younowhavethatgirl'sopinion.Goandmakealistofeverythingshesaidandmarkthepointsthataretrue.Paynoattentiontotheotherthingsshesaid."
Ididashedirectedanddiscoveredtomysurprisethatabouthalfthethingsweretrue.SomeofthemIcouldn'tchange(likebeingskinny),butagoodnumberIcouldandsuddenlywantedtochange.
ForthefirsttimeinmylifeIgotafairlyclearpictureofmyself.
IbroughtthelistbacktoDaddy.Herefusedtotakeit.
"That'sjustforyou,"hesaid."Youknowbetterthananybodyelsethetruthaboutyourself,onceyouhearit.Butyou'vegottolearntolisten,nottocloseyourearsinangerorhurt.Whensomethingsaidaboutyouistrueyou'llknowit.You'llfindthatitwillechoinsideyou."
Daddy'sadvicehasreturnedtomeatmanyimportantmoments.
第40题Whatdidthegirl'senemyliketodo?
A.Talkingwithher.B.Pointingoutherweakpoints.
C.Reportingtotheteacher.D.Quarrellingwithher.
答案:B
第41题Whatdidthegirldowhenshecouldnolongerbearherenemy?
A.Sheturnedtoherfather.B.Shecriedtoherheart'scontent.
C.Shetriedtoputupwithheragain.D.Shetriedtobeherfriend.
答案:A
第42题Whydidthegirl'sfatheraskhertomakethelist?
A.Hewantedtokeepthelistathome.
B.Hedidn'tknowwhatthegirl'senemyhadsaid.
C.Hewantedthegirltotalkback.
D.Hewantedhertocheckifshereallyhadtheseweakpoints.
答案:D
第43题Whatcanweinferfromreadingthepassage?
A.Thegirlbenefitedfromherfather'sadvice.
B.Thegirlwasveryoftenangrywithherfather.
C.Thegirl'sfatherlovedotherpeople'sadvice,
D.Thegirlwaseasilyhurtbyherfather,
答案:A
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
PassageThree
ResearchershavefoundthatREM(rapideyemovement)sleepisimportanttohumanbeings.Thistypeofsleepgenerallyoccursfourorfivetimesduringonenightofsleeplastingfiveminutestofortyminutesforeachoccurrence.Thedeeperaperson'ssleepbecomes,~thelongertheperiodsofrapideyemovement.
TherearephysicalchargesinthebodytoshowthatapersonhaschangedfromNREM(non-rapideyemovement)toREMsleep.Breathingbecomesfaster,theheartrateincreases,and,asthenameimplies,theeyesbegintomovequickly,
AccompanyingthesephysicalchangesinthebodyisaveryimportantcharacteristicofREMsleep.ItisduringREMsleepthatapersondreams.
第44题Accordingtothepassage,,howoftendoesREMsleepoccurinonenight?__________
A.OnceB.TwiceC.FourorfivetimesD.Fortytimes
答案:C
第45题Theword"deeper"inParagraph1isclosestinmeaningtowhichofthefollowing?__________
A.heavier.B.louder.C.stronger.D.Happier.
答案:A
第46题WhichofthefollowingshowsthatapersonisNOTdreaminginhissleep?__________
A.Hiseyesbegintomove.B.Hisbreathing-becomesfaster.
C.Hisheartrateincreases.D.Hiseyesstopmoving.
答案:D
第47题Thesubjectofthispassageis__________.
A.whypeoplesleepB.thehumanneedforREMsleep
C.thecharacteristicofREMsleepD.physicalchangesinthehumanbody
答案:C
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
PassageFour
Man'sfirstrealinvention,andoneofthemostimportantinventionsinhistory,wasthewheel.Alltransportationandeverymachineintheworlddependonit.Thewheelisthesimplestyetperhapsthemostremarkableofallinventions,becausetherearenowheelsinnature-nolivingthingwasevercreatedwithwheels.How,then,didmancometoinventthewheel?Perhapssomeearlyhuntersfoundthattheycouldrollthecarcassofaheavyanimalthroughtheforestonlogsmoreeasilythantheycouldcarryit.However,thelogsthemselvesweighedalot.
Itmusthavetakenagreatprehistoricthinkertoimaginetwothinslicesoflogconnected,attheircentersbyastringstick.Thiswouldrollalongjustasthelogsdid,yetbemuchlighterandeasiertohandle.Thusthewheelandaxlecameintobeingandwiththemthefirstcarts.
第48题Thewheelisimportantbecause__________.
A.itwasman'sfirstrealinventionB.alltransportationdependsonit
C.everymachinedependsonitD.bothBandC
答案:D
第49题Thewheeliscalled__________.
A.simpleB.complicatedC.strangeD.unusual
答案:D
第50题Itwasremarkableofmantoinventthewheelbecause__________.
A.itledto.manyotherinventionsB.manhadnouseforitthen
C.therewerenowheelsinnatureD.alloftheabove
答案:D
第51题Thewheelwasprobablyinventedby__________.
A.agroupofearlyhuntersB.thefirstmenonearth
C.agreatprehistoricthinkerD.themanwhomadethefirstcart
答案:A
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
PassageFive
Evenplantscanrunafever,especiallywhenthey'reunderattackbyinsectsordisease.Butunlikehumans,plantscanhavetheirtemperaturetakenfrom3,000feetaway--straightup.Adecadeago,adaptingtheinfrared(红外线)scanningtechnologydevelopedformilitarypurposesandothersatellites,physicistStephenPaleycameupwithaquickwaytotakethetemperatureofcropstodeterminewhichonesareunderstress.Thegoalwastoletfarmerspreciselytargetpesticide(杀虫剂)sprayingratherthanrainpoisononawholefield,whichinvariablyincludesplantsthatdon'thavepest(害虫)problems.
Evenbetter,Paley'sRemoteScanningServicesCompanycoulddetectcropproblemsbeforetheybecamevisibletotheeye.Mountedonaplaneflownat3,000feetatnight,aninfraredscannermeasuredtheheatemittedbycrops.Thedataweretransformedintoacolor-codemapshowingwhereplantswererunning"fevers".Farmerscouldthenspot-spray,using50to70percentlesspesticidethantheyotherwisewould.
ThebadnewsisthatPaley'scompanycloseddownin1984,afteronlythreeyears.Farmersresistedthenewtechnologyandlong-termbackerswerehardtofind.Butwiththerenewedconcernaboutpesticidesonproduce,andrefinementsininfraredscanning,Paleyhopestogetbackintooperation.Agricultureexpertshavenodoubtthetechnologyworks~"Thistechniquecanbeusedon75percentofagriculturallandintheUnitedStates",saysGeorgeOertherofTexasA&M.RayJackson,whorecentlyretiredfromtheDepartmentofAgricultrue,thinksre-moteinfraredcropscanningcouldbeadoptedbytheendofthedecade.ButonlyifPaleyfindsthefinancialbackingwhichhefailedtoobtain10yearsago.
第52题Inordertoapplypesticidesprayingprecisely,wecanuseinfraredscanningto__________.
A.locatetheproblemareasB.drewacolor-cededmap
C.measurethesizeoftheaffectedareaD.estimatethedamagetothecrops
答案:A
第53题Farmerscansaveaconsiderableamountofpesticideby__________.
A.transformingpoisonedrainB.consultinginfraredscanningexperts
C.resortingtospot-sprayingD.detectingcropproblemsatanearlydate
答案:C
第54题Plantswillemitanincreasedamountofheatwhentheyare__________.
A.sprayedwithpesticidesB.inpourphysicalcondition
C.facinganinfraredscannerD.exposedtoexcessivesunrays
答案:B
第55题Theapplicationofinfraredscanningtechnolgytoagriculturemetwithsomedifficultiesdueto__________.
A.thelackofofficialsupportB.itshighcost
C.itsfailuretohelpincreaseproductionD.thelackoffinancialsupport
答案:D
五、补全对话
根据以下内容,回答下面试题。
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
A:Hi,XiaoWang.Whereareyougoingonvacation?
B:56__________.
A:Paris?Thatsoundsgreat!57__________.
B:WeareleavingnextTuesday.
A:Whoareyougoingwith?
B:58__________.
A:59__________.
B:Forabouttwoweeks.60__________.
A:Great!Wishyouapleasantjourney!
B:Thanksalot.
第56题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
答案:C
第57题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
答案:D
第58题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
答案:B
第59题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
答案:E
第60题请选择最佳答案填入()
A.We'llshowyouourphotoswhenweareback.
B.Wearegoingwithourteachers.
C.WearegoingtoParis.
D.Whenareyouleaving?
E.Howlongareyougoingtostaythere?
F.Haveyoubeentherebefore?
G.IwanttogotoLondon.
H.Seeyoulater.
答案:A
六、书面表达(25points)
第61题TheInternet
答案:TheInternet
Withthedevelopmentofcomputers,the.Internethasbecomewidelyused.Moreandmoreinformationwillbeprovidedforpeople.Wecangetallkindsofusefulinformationinanyscientificresearchfieldwheneverweneed.ItcanhelpUStoenrichourknowledgeandhelpourcountrytokeepupwiththedevelopedcountries.
However,theInternetalsobringsUStoomuchinformation.ItalwaysmakeUSverydifficulttofindsomethingavailablebybrowsingmanynecessarywebsites.
Inaword,weneedtheInternet.butweshouldmakegooduseofit.

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